Home' Greymouth Star : May 28th 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Wednesday, May 28, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
1849 - Death of Anne Bronte, English
novelist and sister of Charlotte and Emily.
1902 - The Boers surrender in South Africa,
ending the Boer War.
1929 - The first all-colour talking
picture, On with the Show, opens in
1937 - Neville Chamberlain
becomes prime minister of Britain.
1940 - Two weeks after being
invaded, Belgium capitulates to
1961 - Paris-Bucharest Orient Express train
makes final trip after 78 years.
1971 - Soviet Union launches spacecraft
toward planet Mars, containing the first
capsules to land on the planet.
1972 - Former King Edward VIII, who
became the Duke of Windsor in 1936 after
abdicating to marry American divorcee Wallis
Warfield Simpson, dies in Paris aged 77.
1982 - In the Falklands war, British troops
recapture Port Dar win and Goose Green from
the Argentine army.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
George I, British monarch (1660-1727);
Joseph Ignace Guillotin, French physician and
advocate of humane capital punishment (1738-
1814); William Pitt the Younger,
English statesman (1759-1806);
Ian Fleming, British writer (1908-
1964); Gladys Knight, US singer
(1944-); Rudy Giuliani, former
mayor of New York City (1944-);
John Fogerty, US singer (1945-);
Sondra Locke, US actor (1947-);
Jeff Fenech, Australian boxer (1964-); Kylie
Minogue, Australian singer-actress (1968-);
Mark Feehily, Irish musician, Westlife (1980-).
“All the troubles of man come from his not
knowing how to sit still. ” — Blaise Pascal,
French philosopher (1623-1662).
“So, whether you eat or drink, or whatever
you do, do everything for the glory of God.”
— (1 Corinthians 10.31).
Since the days of
sailing ships men of
the sea have always
recognised the value
of having vegetables and fruit as food while
on the waters. Therefore, the person supplying
them with these essential items has always
been regarded as important. The man who has
carried out this work in Greymouth for all
visiting vessels is Tainui Street greengrocer Mr
K T (Keith) Batty.
However, after 15 years of operating his
business and catering for the ships as well,
Mr Batty is giving up the work. On Saturday,
he finishes and hands over his shop to the
Hokitika firm of Heveldt Bros, already
connected with the greengrocery trade on the
Mr Batty will remain in Greymouth and will
take up a new job as regional sales organiser for
the Northern Building Society.
The theory that there was still a substantial
amount of gold in the Buller, was advanced
by a lecturer in economic geologhy at the
University of South Australia, Dr A G
Whittle, in Westport this week. The minerals
were there but they would require further
investigation, he commented.
“There are lots of places there which have
never been sluiced,” he said. “ There are vast
areas available without taking the deep stuff
into consideration. I think every step should
be taken to discover the main source of
surface gold. Such sources have never been
“ I would like to see the application of
improved gold winning methods in the Buller,
particularly in the unworked areas so that at
least a partial revival might take place in the
uFood for thought
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s Emma Watson, known
for her role as Hermione
in the Harry Potter series,
graduates with a degree
in English literature from
Brown University in
Rhode Island, we look at other celebrities
with degrees that may surprise you.
1. Rowan Atkinson
English actor, comedian and screenwriter
Rowan Atkinson, best known for his role
as Mr Bean, has a degree in electrical
engineering from New Castle University.
He went on to study for a Masters in
Science from Oxford, which made him
and Honourary Fellow in 2006.
2. Kevin Costner
He may have been the heart-throb for
many women in the 1980s and 1990s for
his roles in such films as Dances With
Wolves and The Bodyguard, but as a
youth, Kevin Costner was encouraged by
his father — a ditch-digger — to focus on
While dreaming of acting, the future
Golden Globe winner completed a
Bachelor of Arts, majoring in marketing
3. Mayim Bialik
Primetime Emmy Award nominee
Mayim Bialik is well known for her
intelligent and quirky role as Dr. Amy
Farrah Fowler in the popular tv series
Big Bang Theory. In an example of art
imitating life, Bijalik has a doctorate in
neuroscience from UCLA.
4. Ricky Gervais
He has won Bafta, British Comedy,
Golden Globe and Emmy Awards for his
tv series The Office, but Ricky Ger vais is
also a graduate in philosophy. Studying at
the University College London, Ger vais
says that he ‘breezed through’ the degree,
returning to run entertainment and the
5. Ken Jeong
Best known for his role as Leslie Chow
in the Hangover trilogy, Ken Jeong is also
a medical doctor. He obtained his degree
from the University of North Carolina in
1995, completing his internal medicine
residency in New Orleans and is a licensed
doctor in the state of California.
6. Lisa Kudrow
World famous for her role as Phoebe
Buffay in the tv series Friends, Lisa
Kudrow has a degree in science,
majoring in biology from Vassar. After
she graduated she spent eight years as
a researcher before ditching science for
7. Natalie Portman
Actress Natalie Portman, best known
for her role in Black Swan, which saw
her win a Golden Globe, Screen Actors
Guild Award, a Bafta and an Academy
Award, holds a Bachelor of Arts majoring
in psychology from Har vard University.
Proficient in both Hebrew and English,
she has also studied French, Japanese,
German and Arabic. She has co-authored
two papers that appeared in scientific
journals and has subsequently taken
8. David Spade
Comedian and actor David Spade has
starred in sitcoms such as Just Shoot Me
and Eight Simple Rules, but also holds a
Bachelor’s degree in business. His passion
was always with comedy, as he would often
perform at the Arizona State University’s
comedy shows and perform stand-up
comedy to support his education.
9. Donald Sutherland
Iconic actor Donald Sutherland has
a rich career in films, including most
recently The Hunger Games. The
Canadian-born actor started his first job
as a newspaper correspondent at the age
of 14 and went on to gain a Bachelor’s
degree with a double major of engineering
and drama. He soon changed his mind
about an engineering career and moved to
England to focus on drama.
10. Ashley Judd
Leading actress Ashley Judd has a
string of successful films to her credit,
including Kiss the Girls and most recently
Divergent but this has not stopped her
from pursuing academic interests. An
alumna of the University of Kentucky
majoring in French, she was awarded a
Master’s Degree in Public Administration
from Har vard in 2010.
— New Zealand Herald
Celebrities’ surprising degrees
General Wojciech Jaruzelski, Poland’s
last communist leader who imposed
martial law to crush the Solidarity
movement only to hand over power less
than a decade later, died aged 90 on
Sunday after a long illness, a military
hospital in Warsaw said.
In public a stern, enigmatic figure in his
trademark dark glasses, Jaruzelski’s record
defies easy judgment and still divides Poles
almost a quarter century after the fall of
Lech Walesa, who was detained
by Jaruzelski as Solidarity leader but
eventually succeeded him as president,
described the communist as a tragic figure
who should be judged only by God.
For many Poles, Jaruzelski was a Soviet
stooge who, with Moscow ’s backing,
announced military rule on December
13, 1981, after the first independent trade
union behind the Iron Curtain, Solidarity,
threatened communist rule.
Others accepted his argument that
the decision helped to avert a Soviet-
led military intervention like those that
crushed similar protests in Hungary in
1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968.
“The general was accompanied by his
daughter Monika until the last moment,”
the Military Medical Institute hospital
in Warsaw, where he died, said in a
Under martial law, which lasted until
1983, dozens of demonstrators were killed
and thousands more, including Walesa,
Decades later, on trial for declaring
martial law and for human rights
violations, Jaruzelski defended his decision.
“Martial law was evil but it was a far
lesser evil than what would have happened
without it,” he told a court in 2008, adding
that he regretted the “social costs” of the
But as Polish president in 1989,
Jaruzelski also convened talks that led
to the legalisation of Solidarity and the
first partially free elections in the Soviet
bloc that finally broke the communists’
monopoly on power.
Walesa, who succeeded Jaruzelski as
president in 1990, had partially reconciled
with his former arch-foe and visited
Jaruzelski at hospital and his home in
“Judging is always hard. We should leave
it in God’s hands,” Nobel Peace Price
winner Walesa told TVP Info.
“In private talks he was a different man.
A joker, he told beautiful jokes, he was at
ease, sympathetic, and very intelligent, not
at par with his other image. There were two
images. A tragic figure, because he lived in
times of treason.”
Walesa compared Poland’s negotiated
transition from communism to democracy
favourably with Ukraine, which has been
plagued for months by deadly violence in
a struggle between pro-western and pro-
Moscow political forces.
“ We had to take responsibility for Poland
and for the people. It could have ended
like in Ukraine. We acted wisely, but in the
direction of freedom so that Polish blood
was not spilled,” he said.
Jaruzelski was born in 1923 into a
landowning family in eastern Poland. His
family was deported to Siberia after Soviet
troops invaded Poland and divided it with
Nazi Germany at the beginning of World
He wore dark glasses to protect his eyes
from the snow blindness he suffered during
his Siberian exile, in the days before he
joined the Soviet-led Polish army which
helped Moscow to install the post-war
communist regime in Poland.
Jaruzelski received military training in
the Soviet Union and in the 1950s became
Poland’s youngest-ever general.
He became the chief of staff in 1965,
three years before the Polish army helped
the Warsaw Pact to crush the ‘Prague
Spring’ movement in what was then
A political sur vivor, Jaruzelski weathered
successive leadership crises to rise from
defence minister in 1968 to prime minister
in February 1981 and Communist party
chief later that year.
After the fall of communism, Poland’s
parliament decided that Jaruzelski should
not face court proceedings for declaring
martial law, saying that history would be
the best judge.
Jaruzelski faced a trial over the fatal
shootings by security forces and the army
in 1970, when he was defence minister, of
dozens of demonstrators during protests
against food price rises.
The proceedings were repeatedly delayed
due to technicalities and the prosecution’s
case lost momentum.
The conser vative government of then
Prime Minister Jaroslaw Kaczynski, whose
party was in power between 2005 and
2007, began pushing again for his trial over
the 1981 crackdown.
The trial started in 2008 and was
sponsored by Poland’s Institute of National
Remembrance (IPN), which super vises
the country’s communist-era files and is
empowered to pursue legal action against
those it considers to have committed
“crimes against the Polish nation”.
Jaruzelski was ultimately excluded from
the list of defendants because of his poor
Finding some of his former co-
defendants guilty, the court said there had
been no clear danger of a Soviet invasion
and the communist rulers who imposed
martial law were part of a “criminal
enterprise” clinging to power at all costs.
Like Walesa, the centre-right government
of Prime Minister Donald Tusk also
adopted a warmer tone towards the ailing
Jaruzelski, who spent his last years mostly
at his Warsaw home and in hospital, only
rarely appearing in public. — Reuters
‘Soviet stooge’ in God’s hands
General Wojciech Jaruzelski
There was a time when visitors to a
museum felt themselves under constant
Attendants in dark clothes sat in all
the rooms or trailed behind, ensuring
that the rules were adhered to, such as
“Do not touch the artworks,” or “No
But in the age of the digital camera and
the smartphone, the rule on photography
can scarcely be enforced.
So many galleries and museums are
now allowing souvenir snaps — although
usually without tripods or flash and only
for private use.
Reinhard Spieler, curator of the
Sprengel Museum in the German city of
Hanover lifted the photography ban soon
after he took over.
“I saw it as no longer appropriate to
today,” he says.
“Museums in Britain have been
allowing private photography for years.
“It’s more visitor friendly. We’re happy
for people to pass on their snaps; for us
it’s simply a multiplier.”
In their battle to compete with other
leisure activities, cultural institutions are
increasingly relying on the new media
— they are active through the social
media and offer special apps on their
The German organisers of International
Museum Day 2014 encouraged
photographs from inside museums to be
posted on Twitter with hashtags #IMT14
Any photographs were welcome,
whether of a collection or individual
works, images of work behind the scenes
or selfies, according to the appeal before
the May 18 event.
The longstanding ban on photography
in many museums had partly to do with
copyright. Museums are loathe to give
up income from fees that they charge
commercial users. Pictures taken by
visitors may under no circumstances be
used for commercial purposes.
In the case of older works, photo
flashes might cause damage to sensitive
pigments in the paint. The 3300-year-old
bust of Queen Nefertiti on display in
Berlin’s Neues Museum may no longer be
photographed for this reason.
The museum revoked its previous
permission for non-flash photographs,
because most visitors either did not
understand how to suppress flash on their
mobile phones or just ignored the flash
ban when taking snaps of this famous
piece of ancient Egyptian art.
Taking photographs can be harmful in
other ways. A student is reported to have
damaged a sculpture of a boy in Milan by
climbing on to the figure to take a selfie.
Luckily the damaged work was not an
ancient artefact, but an early 19th century
Following two accidents involving
cameras, the Brandhorst Museum in
Munich has reintroduced its photography
ban, primarily for reasons of safety. In
one incident parts of a Katharina Fritsch
sculpture were broken, according to a
Other Bavarian State museums are
happy to have visitors take out their
“ Youngsters up to the age of 18 get in
free. Pupils love to take selfies with Old
Masters just as much as Andy Warhol
works,” the spokeswoman said.
Nevertheless Matthias Henkel, who is
on the executive of the German branch of
the International Council of Museums,
continues to believe cameras should be
allowed in exhibitions only in exceptional
Many visitors are now seeing the world
purely through their cameras, he says.
“Museums offer them the opportunity
to engage at a relaxed pace with the
originals. It’s about the pictures in your
head,” he says. — DPA
Museums relax photo rules in digital era
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