Home' Greymouth Star : July 21st 2014 Contents Greymouth Star
4 - Monday, July 21, 2014
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uLetters to the editor
1542 - Pope Paul III establishes
the Roman Inquisition to fight
1588 - Sir Francis Drake and
his English fleet first meet and
soundly defeat the Spanish
Armada, establishing England as
the world’s greatest military power.
1796 - Death of Robert Burns, Scottish
1873 - Jesse James and his gang pull off the
first train robbery in America taking $US3,000
from the Rock Island Express in Adair, Iowa.
1960 - Sirimavo Bandaranaike of Ceylon, now
Sri Lanka, becomes the world’s first woman
1973 - France explodes nuclear device over
South Pacific island despite worldwide protests.
1988 - Sydney ’s controversial city monorail
1993 - Floods and landslides caused by four
weeks of torrential rains across India, Bang-
ladesh and Nepal kill nearly 1000 people and
drive millions from their homes.
uWest Coast yesteryear
uToday in history
St Philip Neri, Italian churchman
(1515-1595); Matthew Prior,
English poet (1664-1721); Baron
Paul Julius von Reuter, German-
born news ser vice pioneer
(1816-1899); Ernest Hemingway,
US author and Nobel laureate
(1899-1961); Marshall McLuhan,
Canadian media theorist (1911-1980); Isaac
Stern, Russian-born violinist (1920-2001);
Kay Starr, US singer (1922-); Don Knotts, US
actor (1924-2006); Norman Jewison, Cana-
dian director (1926-); Janet Reno, former US
Attorney-General (1938-); Geoff Dymock,
Australian cricketer (1945-); Yusuf Islam
(formerly Cat Stevens), British pop singer
(1948-); Robin Williams, US actor (1952-);
Morris Iemma, former NSW premier (1961-
); Charlotte Gainsbourg, French actress and
“A good scare is worth more to a man than
good advice” — Edgar Watson Howe,
American editor and author (1853-1937).
“ But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate
with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.’’
— (1 John 2:1 NRSV Bible)
have done it again.
This time they
themselves as one of the leading club sides
in the country. On Saturday they won the
Canterbury provincial teams’ title — a title
well on a par with Auckland and Otago.
In becoming the Canterbury champion club
team for 1964 Greymouth demonstrated the
value of intelligent team running. There was
less than two minutes between Greymouth’s
first four runners home. Their strategy was to
get early good positions on the small circuit
and hold them. This they did and the manner
in which they did it, combined with their
youth, suggests that they will make a heavy
impression on the provincial and even national
running scene for years to come.
In 1498 the Austrian Emperor Maximillian
could have had little idea that the descendants
of his choir would be throwing paper darts
around a Greymouth motel room. Four
hundred and sixty years have passed — years
of turbulent history for Austria and the world.
The Vienna Boys’ Choir has surmounted all
changes and today, according to the conductor
Toscanini, is “the best choir in the world”.
All 21 boys between the ages of 101⁄2 and
141⁄2 are in Greymouth for two days for three
concerts — part of their six-month world
West Coast-bred Morris Francis, a gift horse
for Mr and Mrs F Billington who train him at
Washdyke, won brilliantly on his home course
on Saturday. He came from last to win the
Claremont Handicap running away from a
pretty useful field of runners.
It was his fourth win of the season.
uFood for thought
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Sitting on a leather sofa in flip-flops and
shorts, smoking and eating snacks, a group
of middle-aged Israeli men look like they
are watching a soccer match on tv, but they
are perched atop a hill overlooking the
Gaza Strip watching a very different kind
The buzz of drones flying overhead is
interrupted by the blast of rockets fired
from the Palestinian enclave. Surrounded
by camera crews who rush to catch the
action, the men watch for the distant
explosions of Israeli air strikes, occasionally
offering their commentary on the fighting.
“ I don’t come up here to cheer at their
troubles,” Yochanan Cohen, 57, said of his
neighbours in Gaza. “ I’m sick of sitting at
home all day. Everything is closed. People
are scared, many have left and those who’ve
stayed won’t go out.”
Cohen lives in Sderot, a town near Gaza
frequently targeted by Palestinian militants’
rocket salvoes. His house was struck by a
projectile just a week ago, he said.
“ I’m sure the simple folk in Gaza just
want peace and quiet, like we do. I don’t
want to see houses destroyed here and I
don’t want to see houses destroyed there,”
“ But Israel needs to go in there once and
for all and get rid of the terrorists and all
Health Ministry officials in Gaza say
at least 188 Palestinians, most of them
civilians, have been killed in the fighting,
the worst Israel-Palestinian flare-up in two
years, and 259 houses have been reduced to
rubble by Israeli attacks.
Down the road from Sderot, a row of
Israeli tanks stand idle by a watermelon
patch. Israel has sent extra troops and
called up more than 30,000 reser vists in
preparation for a possible ground operation
in Gaza, where its offensive launched on
July 8 has been mostly aerial.
A truce proposed by Egypt and adopted
by Israel early last week collapsed shortly
after wards as Gaza militants kept up
rocket salvoes and Israel responded with
air and navy strikes.
Israel’s Iron Dome missile interception
system has shot down most rockets aimed
at populated areas minimising casualties.
But not all projectiles are shot down.
Israel suffered its first fatality when a
mortar killed a civilian not far from the
Gaza border. More than half a dozen other
Israelis have also been wounded in rocket
One rocket landed by an apartment
building, lightly wounding an 8-year-old
boy, in the southern Israeli port city of
Surrounded by broken furniture and
shattered glass that had scattered across the
living room of the damaged flat, the boy ’s
great-grandmother swept up the debris.
“How much longer can this situation
go on?” Naftali Danielov, a relative of the
injured boy said.
The Israeli military says Gaza militants
have fired more than 1150 rockets into
Israel in the past week.
Like many Israelis living in southern
towns repeatedly hit by Palestinian rockets
for over a decade, Danielov wants to see
tougher military action against militants
firing the weapons.
“ We are not afraid. We are willing to
sit here and take it as long as it takes for
them (Israel) to end it, not in a year or two
or ten. Enough already. Either we live in
peace or I’m ready to go to war,” Danielov
Violence has flared several times in the
past few years across the Gaza border,
forming a pattern in which an Egyptian-
mediated truce takes some days to take
hold, followed by months of relative calm,
eventually broken by another flare-up.
One of the Sderot residents who had
spent the night on the hilltop sofa seemed
sceptical that the overnight lull he had just
witnessed would last for long.
“O kay, it’s over,” he said as he headed
home. “See you again next year.”
Gaza fighting a reality show
Unmangling te reo
en years ago, Pita Sharples
now Minister of Maori
Affairs — said he wanted to
see an end to mangled te reo
words used in Parliament and
in mainstream media broadcasts.
He is a lot happier now than he was
then — but says there is always room
“Not being fluent speakers, they
have developed their own form of
pronunciation, so instead of saying
‘tee arra rower’ (referring to Te Ururoa
Flavell, the Maori Party MP), nowadays
they are saying ‘Turower’, kinda like the
In 2004, Dr Sharples said the Maori
Party wanted policy requiring correct
pronunciation of te reo in Parliament and
in the media.
This has not happened, but an instant
translation ser vice in te reo Maori for
MPs in the House was established in
These days, there is “much more
sensitivity” towards te reo than in the
past, he says, but there is still room
for improvement - particularly in
pronunciation by politicians and some
“Some are so way out that we don’t
know what they are saying.
“I heard a man talking about a place
called ‘trangamoan’ and it is actually
Turanga o Moana.
“I’ve heard some reporters call Sir Jerry
Mateparae, which is a beautiful Maori
name, matteypareye and it’s disgraceful.
“In the end Parekura (Horomia) had
his name pronounced correctly before
he left; they used to call him Parekoora
Horrormia, so it’s a good example of how
change has taken place.”
TVNZ’s editor of daily content,
Graeme Muir, said the broadcaster
received feedback — mostly from
Te Karere staff — about occasional
pronunciation lapses but its reporters
were striving to improve.
Its Maori department held te reo
workshops, which all journalists were
invited to attend.
“ We’re proud of the fact the majority of
our team have excellent pronunciation of
te reo Maori, and that those who are less
proficient are always striving to improve.”
Three News Auckland bureau chief
Keith Slater said the channel was the
first to greet viewers in Maori and good
pronunciation was expected from its
He said many were learning the
language — including four of its senior
staff, who took pronunciation training at
Maori Television last year.
“All of the journalists found the
experience rewarding and enjoyable.
We expect to do the same for a similar
number this year.”
Maori Language Commission acting
chief executive Pita Paraone said
broadcasters had “greatly improved ” over
the past 10 years to the point that only a
minority of presenters had pronunciation
“ We note some exemplars such as
Hilary Barry, Patrick Gower and Jim
Hickey who all use good pronunciation
most of the time and set a good example
for the community as it is a powerful
“ We agree that politicians should also
lead by example.”
Long-time tv news presenter glad he’s
making progress Peter Williams has been
with TVNZ for 35 years. He talks about
the challenges he has had with te reo
Maori and the changes he has seen at the
What Maori words have you had
Words with r and u in proximity.
Tariana Turia’s electorate always keeps
me on my toes ... That ’s Te Tai Hauauru!
The famous falls near Waitangi —
Haruru — aren’t quite as bad!
How have you gone about improving
your pronunciation, and why?
Funnily enough I always thought
I was okay. I’ve been taught Maori
pronunciation since I was a trainee radio
announcer with the old NZBC in 1973.
In those days you had to pass tests in
Maori, and French and German, before
you moved up a pay grade. But I found tv
had much slacker attitudes when I started
at TV One in 1979. It was really slack
among sports commentators and news
reporters. I fell
into bad habits. So when I moved from
sports to being a news anchor 15 years
ago, I needed a few rough edges knocked
out of me. I’m glad some discerning ears
think I have made progress.
How have attitudes towards te reo
changed since you started at TVNZ?
We never started any show with “kia
ora” back in the 1980s. It wasn’t just
TVNZ — it was the entire community.
I was at Twickenham in 1999 when
Hinewehi Mohi sang the national
anthem in Maori for the first time
at an All Blacks match. I remember
hearing about the outrage in NZ at
her performance. I think every New
Zealander should learn the verse in
Maori. There used to be pushback about
te reo initiatives at work. But now
having people like Scotty Morrison and
Tini Molyneux taking a more relaxed
approach to us rough-edged Pakeha has
had a really good impact. Long may it
continue. My three-year-old grandson
is being taught to say Maori words at
kindergarten, and we’ ll soon have a
generation where correct pronunciation
and increased use of te reo will be second
nature. That ’s how it should be.
New Zealand Herald
Abdi Tekin used to spend days waiting to
clear this customs post on the border with
Iraq, his truck among the hundreds lined
up to ferry some $1 billion worth of goods
a month to Turkey ’s second-biggest export
Now, lying on a thin, dusty carpet in the
shade of his cab, he has to wait just a few
hours at Habur. Chaos in Iraq, where a
bloody Islamist insurgency threatens to
dismember the country, has brought one of
Turkey ’s key trade routes to a virtual halt.
“Everything’s been different for the past
month, month and a half. There are no
cargoes or very few ... We’re racing with
each other to get them,” Tekin, 33, said as
he took a nap to steel himself for a journey
he has been making for years, but which
in recent weeks has become increasingly
Economists expect Turkey ’s trade balance
to take a painful hit after Sunni militants
seized swathes of northern and western
Iraq last month — including the big
northern city of Mosul, a key staging post
on Turkey ’s export route to Baghdad.
Islamist insurgents held 32 Turkish
truck drivers there for three weeks last
month and still hold dozens of other
Turks hostage. Though despite the risks,
competition among trucking firms means
freight rates have actually come down in
“The trade has almost stopped,” said
logistics company owner Kemal Palta, who
runs a fleet of 67 trucks from his office in
Silopi, close to the Iraqi border crossing at
“There is no demand. There are no
cargoes for our trucks to carry. I saw some
experts saying there’s been a fall of 20%. If
only that was the case,” Palta, who is also
a senior official in the local chamber of
“I’d say there’s a fall of at least 60%
and it will get worse in July,” Palta said,
a view echoed by the truckers at Habur,
so congested just a month ago that they
routinely waited in line for up to five days
for paper work to cross into Iraq.
Turkish exports to Iraq fell 21% to $727m
in June, according to data from the Turkish
Exporters Association (TIM), but the
full extent of the drop-off in trade is only
likely to be reflected in the figures over the
coming months. Iraq has risen to become
Turkey ’s second biggest export market after
Germany in recent years as the country
rebuilds its economy after decades of war
and sanctions and Ankara has sought to
diversify its trade away from a dependence
Exports to Iraq, mostly to the
autonomous Kurdish enclave in the north
of the country, had been growing in the
double digits since 2005, at times in
excess of 30%, helping to narrow a trade
gap partly responsible for Turkey ’s big
current account deficit, its main economic
More than $5b worth of exports were
shipped to Iraq in the first five months,
broadly in line with volumes in the same
period a year earlier, before the insurgency
flared. Food, building materials and refined
fuel are among the main products going
across the border by road.
Predominantly Sunni Muslim Turkey
warned its citizens last month to leave all
but autonomous Iraqi Kurdistan, saying
“negative propaganda” was being spread
against Ankara in the Shi’ite-dominated
south of the country.
Turkey has long had a tense relationship
with Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-
Maliki’s Shi’ite-led government, not least
because of Turkey ’s thickening ties with
Kurdistan, which is at odds with the federal
government over oil and land rights.
“At least two dozen of my fellow drivers
have stayed at home for the past month,
because there are no cargoes and because
they ’re scared to death.
“So am I,” truck driver Muharrem Cinar,
38, said splashing bottled water on his face
to keep cool under the scorching sun as he
waited at Habur.
The truck drivers held in Mosul appeared
in good health when they were released and
said they had not been mistreated. But that
is little consolation for nervous truckers in
Habur, not least as another 49 Turks, many
taken from their consulate in Mosul, are
still being held.
“I would never go to Mosul, especially
after this,” Cinar said. “ There was always
danger, but now it ’s entirely different. You
go there and they might kill you.”
Those still willing to venture into Iraq
say the fall in demand for their services is
eating into their profits.
“Before the war, the price I charged per
tonne for this cargo was $55. Now I am
carrying this for $28, and I bargained hard,”
said Mehmet Badur, 44, lighting a cigarette
before jumping into his truck laden with
Almost all of those still waiting to cross at
Habur were travelling to Kurdistan in the
north, relatively untouched by the violence
of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant
(ISIL) and its allies as they fight Iraqi
That has left transport companies looking
for alternative routes into the rest of Iraq
without having to go through Mosul. But
the detours increase the costs. The straight
route from Habur to Baghdad via Mosul is
about 550km. A route to the east, avoiding
Mosul, is at least 20% longer.
“ISIL’s seizure of Mosul cuts our route in
two. Now we’re trying to go via Iran, but
the Iranians want an additional fee,” Palta,
the logistics company owner, said. Another
option might be to hand over loads to Iraqi
drivers at the Kurdish frontier.
“But,” he said, “ We have to keep trying as
this is our biggest export market.”
Iraq accounted for almost 8% of Turkey ’s
$152b exports last year and a fall in trade
could force it to cut its $166.5b target for
2013, economists predict.
Noting that the violence flared only
towards the middle of June, Finansbank
chief economist Inan Demir said the 21%
decline in Turkish exports to Iraq last
month reflected problems that were only
fully a factor in the latter half.
“The real impact,” he said, “ Will be seen
in July and August and I wouldn’t be
surprised to see a 40% decline.”
Such a decline could arrest the narrowing
trend in Turkey ’s trade deficit, the main
driver of its $50b current account gap,
which both the government and central
bank have been struggling to bring down.
Chaos deters Turkish truckers
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